Jacob M Appel
The controversy in Benitez vs NCWC stands at the nexus of two competing approaches to the issue of “conscience”exemptions. On the one hand, most states have statutes that shield medical students and physicians from having to perform procedures, such as abortion and sterilization, to which they object on religious or moral grounds.
Appel JM. May Doctors Refuse Infertility Treatments t o Gay Patients? Hastings Cent Rep. 2006;July-August:20-21.