Freedom of conscience. Biojuridical conflicts at multicultural societies

Marta Albert Márquez

Cuadernos de Boetica

Abstract: The paper [in Spanish] analyzes the right of healthcare professionals to conscientious objection in multicultural societies. The ethical relativism characteristic of these societies abides with an apparently paradoxical reduction of the exercise of freedom of conscience. “Apparently” because, in the end, ethical relativism tends to adopt dogmatic attitudes. Special attention is paid to the situation of Spanish healthcare in relation to euthanasia and abortion. With regard to euthanasia, the “death with dignity” draft bill of Andalucía is considered. With regard to abortion, we will pay attention to the reform of the Penal Code in the context of a new regulation about “reproductive health” of women, which means the adoption of a system of time limits, and the characterization of abortion as a women’s right. It is concluded that freedom of conscience of healthcare professionals will probably be at risk if proposed legal policies don’t change.


Albert Márquez M. [Freedom of conscience. Biojuridical conflicts at multicultural societies]. Cuadernos de Bioetica : Revista Oficial de la Asociacion Espanola de Bioetica y Etica Medica. 2010 Jan-Apr;21(71):61-77. Spanish

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